Paramount's Kings
Dominion's
Science Day's Olympics Rules
1997
(This page is from
years ago. It is left here so you may get some ideas for contests of
your own.)
A couple points to
emphasize...
 The actual rules will be as announced that day  there can be
changes from what you see here. This makes it a little more
competitive.
 Certain events are for the Senior Division others for the
Junior Division.
 The Airplane contest and Egg Drop contest rules are not listed
here.
Return to the Physics Pavilion Home
Page
TEACHER REQUIREMENTS
Teachers will be
required to attend a morning meeting to work at least one
event. With the hundreds of kids involved we absolutely must
have people pitch in and help.
That will be
required for a school to
participate.

INTRODUCTION
All students are invited to participate in our 10th Annual Science
Field Day. Field Day events introduce students to problem solving
situations where they use their cooperative learning skills. Each
event is different, but all events challenge students to think on
their feet. We encourage solutions which are creative, yet within the
rules. This is an event for students: teachers, please, no coaching
during the event. Please emphasize good sportsmanship concepts to
your students: the "officials" are volunteer teachers trying to
provide fun learning experiences! If you are interested in
participating in the Science Field Day, please indicate so on the
ticket order form. Science Field Day is
divided into two divisions. Junior Division for grades 3 8, and
Senior Division for grades 912. An entry form and
preliminary rules for each event will be sent to you. Rules are
subject to change, and final rules are those announced over the PA on
May 17th. Let your students practice ahead of time to meet the
general challenges and encourage them to be ready to adapt to any new
wrinkle in the final rules!
CONTEST
RULES
PAPER TOWER
Each team will be given one piece of paper and one strip of tape.
The object of the event is to build the tallest freestanding
structure from these materials.
Competition:
 Each school may enter one team of four students.
 Each team may have only one entry.
 The sheet of paper will be 8.5" X 11" and the cellophane tape
will be 25 cm long. Each may be torn into pieces and reassembled
as desired. Parts may be rolled, folded or torn as desired (no
scissors).
 The time for construction is 20 minutes. Construction will
cease immediately at the end of 20 minutes.
 A tower shall be declared freestanding if it remains
selfsupporting for at least 10.0 seconds.
 Height is determined by measuring the perpendicular distance
from the floor to the highest point of the tower. Wind velocity is
the concern of the team.
Scoring:
The tallest tower will receive 100 points. All other
scores will be proportional.
THE ALUMINUM FOIL
BARGE
Each team will be given one piece of 15 cm X 10 cm aluminum foil.
The object of the event is to build a barge from the aluminum foil
that will float the largest number of pennies.
Competition:
 Each school may enter one team of four students.
 Each team may have only one entry.
 All pennies will be "wet" when used. No drying of pennies will
be permitted.
 The time limit for building the barge and for loading it with
pennies is 15 minutes. All loading must stop at the end of 15
minutes regardless of whether the boat is full to capacity.
 Once the boat sinks, regardless of the reason, the competition
is over for that team.
 To count all pennies aboard, the boat must float with the load
for a minimum of 10 seconds. If the boat sinks before that time
has passed, the last penny(ies) will be deducted from the total.
(NOTE: A "handful of pennies may not be dropped on the boat with
the idea of deducting 1 from the total!)
Scoring:
The team with the most pennies in the barge will receive
100 points. All other scores will be proportional.
CENTER OF MASS
(Cantilever)
Each team will be given a set of blocks that are basically
identical. The object of this event is to build a stack of blocks
that has the greatest overhang.
Competition:
 Each school may enter one team of four students.
 Each team may have only one entry.
 No additional materials may be used in the construction
 Each team will have a time limit of 20 minutes to construct
the overhang.
 The block structure must be freestanding.
 The measurement of overhang will be made horizontally from the
edge of the first/bottom block
Scoring:
The team with the greatest overhang will receive 100
points. All other scores will be proportional.
FERMI QUESTIONS
Students from each school will be given a set of "Fermi Questions"
to answer. A Fermi Question seeks a fast, "order of magnitude"
estimate for a quantity which is difficult or impossible to measure
directly.
Example: How many BB's are needed to fill a basketball?
Click here to see more Fermi questions with
some answers.
Competition:
 Each school may enter one team of from one to four
students.
 Each student must work individually. Do not help or consult
team members. The time limit is 15 minutes.
 Answers must be a power of 10. If the answer is 10N (N is a
whole number), the answer is N. Example: if you estimate the
answer is 1200, write down 3 as your answer (since 1200 is about
103.)
 No calculators, computers or slide rules are allowed.
 All work may be done on the answer sheet. Showing work is not
a factor in scoring.
Scoring:
A. An answer (i.e., power of 10) is scored as follows:
 "Correct" estimates are awarded 2 points.
 Estimates within +/ 1 of the "correct" answer are
awarded 1 point.
 In the event of a tie, estimates within +/ 2 of the
"correct" answer are awarded 1/2 point.
B.The team score will be determined by averaging all students'
scores for that school.
C.The team with the highest average score will receive 100
points.
All other scores will be proportional.
RULING PARAMOUNT'S KINGS
DOMINION
We challenge students to compete for your school while enjoying
the rides at Paramount's Kings Dominion! Come to Science Day prepared
to measureie.,"rule"Paramount's Kings Dominion. Bring any devices
you may needno materials will be supplied to you. Operating in the
greatest Physics Laboratory in the world, students will measure
(estimate) such quantities as: height of something approachable;
height of something not approachable; maximum velocity; average
velocity; maximum g's; extra g's; etc. Teachers, please no help once
the event begins!
Competition:
 Obey all normal safety rules for visitors to the park.
 Each team of 4 students will pick up one entry form while
attending the Physics Demonstrations.
 Teamwork is great, but turn in only one entry per school.
 Come up with measurements in the seven categories listed on
the entry form. Please pay attention to what units are called for
on the entry form.
 Your results must be turned in by 2:00 o'clock at the Field
Day Pavilion (behind Scooby Doo). The location of where to turn in
the events may change. Pay attention when you arrive at the
competition.
Scoring:
Points will be awarded as indicated on the entry form,
using "answers" obtained with help from the Paramount's Kings
Dominion Engineering Staff. The raw score of the top team will be
converted to 100 points. All other scores will be proportional.
PENDULUM HURLER
The object of this event is to launch a steel ball bearing from
the Pendulum Hurler so that the ball hits as close as possible to a
target on the floor.
Competition:
 Each school may enter one team of four students.
 Each team will work with the same piece of apparatus: a
specially constructed rigid pendulum made of a solid metal rod
suspended by a ball bearing support mounted on top of a table. The
"cannonball" will be a drilled steel ball bearing. The ball starts
off on the end of the pendulum. The ball is launched when the
pendulum swings down and hits a horizontal rod.
 We suggest that each team have an equation prepared before
beginning the competition which will allow them to make use of the
following data (if needed): height the projectile mass is above
the floor, horizontal distance to the target, mass of the ball,
and length of pendulum. Each team will be allowed to make their
own measurements of lengths (mass of the ball will be supplied to
all groups).
 Each team will draw for a horizontal distance to the target.
The range will be set by the judge.
 The target will be a circular marker approximately 6.0 cm in
diameter. A direct hit will be scored if the projectile impacts on
the pad during its descent. Bouncing onto the pad or striking the
floor first will be scored as a miss.
 Each team will be given 5 minutes from the location of the
target to their first launch. Each team will have two
opportunities to hit the target.
NO PRACTICE SHOTS WILL BE
ALLOWED.
 Only one competitor may touch the apparatus for the launch,
although team members may assist with measurements and provide
advice. Each team must supply their own protractor, if
needed.
 After the first launch, one minute will be allowed to make the
second launch.
Scoring:
The following equation will be used: SCORE = where "D" =
range of the projectile
X1= miss distance of the first attempt
X2= miss distance of the second attempt
The team with the highest score will be awarded 100 points. All
other scores will be proportional.
HOUSE OF CARDS
The object of this event is to design and build the tallest
structure supporting the greatest load.
Competition:
 Each team may have only one entry.
 The structure must be built using only elements provided: a
set number of index cards and/or pieces of 3 X 5 paper, plus a set
length of tape. Exact materials will be announced on Science Day.
Parts may be rolled, folded, torn, and reassembled as desired (no
scissors).
 The structure must be free standing: cannot be taped to the
floor.
 The structure must be built so that a 3/8" dowel can pass
vertically through the center (this is part of the loading
apparatus).
 No additional materials may be used in the construction.
 All building and testing will stop at the end of the allowed
time.
 At this time each team must declare the height of their
structure: either "one card high" (3 inches), "two cards high" (6
inches), etc. The chosen height may not be changed later. The
height is determined by where the load rests (ie., a weak
"antenna" won't help!).
 The structure will be tested by placing a board on top of the
structure, and then adding weights. There must be a location for
these so that the load is a minimum of 3 inches (one side of an
index card) above the floor. Then weights will be added.
 Each team will load their structure themselves. If weights
fall off, the structure is declared "collapsed."
 To count all weights, the structure must support the load for
a minimum of 10 seconds. If the structure collapses before that
time has passed, the last weights will be deducted from the total.
"Collapse" means a combined drop of as much as one inch from the
original (does not have to totally flatten to be declared
"collapsed.")
Scoring:
The raw score is the chosen height, cubed, multiplied by
the greatest load supported.
RAW SCORE=( H )3 ( L )
The team scoring the greatest raw score will receive 100
points. All other scores will be proportional.
EGG DROP
The object of this event is to design and build a landingcraft
vehicle for an uncooked chicken type egg such that the egg will fall
unharmed from increasing heights.
Competition:
 Each team may have only one entry.
 The structure must be built using only materials provided.
Exact materials will be announced on Science Day. Parts may be
rolled, folded, torn, woven or stuck into each other and
reassembled as desired (no scissors).
 No additional materials may be used in the construction.
 The structure must be attached to the egg; creating a "landing
pad" on the ground is not allowed.
 We must be able to remove your egg or otherwise FULLY inspect
it after each drop. If the egg cannot be fully inspected DURING
the event, YOU ARE DISQUALIFIED.
 Do not start construction until given the signal. All building
and testing will stop at the end of the allowed time.
 Elimination rounds will be conducted. Survivors will be
dropped from increasing heights. Repeated "dropoff's" will
determine the final winners. The minimum initial height and
dropoff increments will be announced.
Scoring:
The team scoring the greatest height will receive 100
points.
All other scores will be proportional.
SCHEDULE
 All time are subject to change

Time

Junior Division (grades
38)

Senior Division (grades
912)

10:00 AM

Aluminum Foil
Barge

begin Ruling Kings
Dominion

10:15 AM


House of Cards

10:30 AM

Paper Airplane


10:45 AM


Fermi
Questions

11:00 AM

Paper Tower


12:15 PM


Paper Airplane

12:30 PM

Egg Drop


12:45 PM


Pendulum
Hurler

1:00 PM

Cantilever

Deadline to turn in "Ruling
Kings Dominion"

2:00 PM

AWARDS
CEREMONY

AWARDS
CEREMONY


All time are subject to change. Pay attention.

All time are subject to change. Pay attention.

NOTES
If several teachers from the same school are bring students, they
must coordinate.
There is one team per event from a school, so if the English
department has one group at the park and the physics teacher has a
second group, the two teachers must talk and come up with one team
between them per event (can be different teams for different events,
but one per school not one per teacher).
There is one team per event from a school, so if the English
department has one group at the park and the physics teacher has a
second group, the two teachers must talk and come up with one team
between them per event (can be different teams for different events,
but one per school not one per teacher).
