THe behavior of Insulators
Presenter: Tony Wayne, Albemarle High School, firstname.lastname@example.org
PH.13 The student will investigate and understand how to diagram and construct basic electrical circuits and …
In some materials, such as metals, electrons flow easily, whereas in insulating materials such as glass they can hardly flow at all.
Insulators and charge behavior
Š Light string
Š 2 Rubber balloons
Š Wool or rabbit fur
Š Permanent, fat tip, black ink marker
Inflate both balloons. Tie a string about 1 meter long on balloon. Draw a circle on the balloon. The circle should be about 6 inches or 15 cm in diameter. Draw a negative sign in the circle. Secure the loose end of the string to the ceiling. Using the wool or rabbit fur, carefully rub the negative sign and the circle. Take care not to rub or touch any other part of the balloon.
Charge up the second balloon with the wool or rabbit fur by rubbing the ENTIRE balloon. Hold this balloon close to the hanging balloon. The hanging balloon will be repelled and rotate such that the negative sign will point away from the charged balloon.
How the physics is demonstrated
The rubber balloons are insulators. When they are rubber by the wool or fur, they gain a net negative charge ONLY WHERE they are rubbed. This is because insulators do not allow the transfer or migration of charges. The hanging balloon’s drawn circle is the only part of the balloon that is carrying a charge. That is why it always aligns itself to be as far away from the other charged balloon as possible.
Construction and Tips Regarding the Demonstration
Sources & References